From distant mysterious China, it was inspired by fascinating stories, adventures, exotic and countless treasures, the main of which, of course, was china. In Europe, up to the beginning of the 18th century, they did not yet know the formulas for its manufacture and did not possess the technologies for its production; therefore, they were content with rare things that merchants could bring from Celestial.
Any European, from a wealthy bourgeois to a crowned monarch, dreamed of becoming the owner of Chinese porcelain, but only the last could afford it. Porcelain Chinese vases, as well as other products made from this material were kept in the royal treasuries and were pleasing to the eye of a very limited number of people. Today, porcelain has become more accessible and we have more opportunities to admire the beauty of the porcelain creations of Chinese masters.
China gave the world a lot of discoveries. The main ones are: compass, silk and gunpowder, paper and of course china. This type of ceramics appeared according to some expert scientists in the 2nd millennium BC, as evidenced by excavations carried out in the valley of the yellow river Huang He (Huang He) in China. Other experts argue that the found pieces of products are proto-porcelain (which contains only white clay – kaolin) and cannot indicate the exact date of origin of this material. In their opinion, porcelain first appeared at the beginning of the 7th century AD, during the reign of the Tang dynasty (Tang).
Note that in the opinion of the Chinese, porcelain should have exactly the blue color, identifying itself with the blue sky, washed by the rain. White, green color of porcelain was also considered acceptable. In addition to color, porcelain should be ringing, like a gong, be transparent like glass and have a thickness of no more than a sheet of paper. That is why products from Chinese porcelain are really valuable among world collectors.
Most Chinese ceramics are made of earthenware, including everyday kitchen utensils, cutlery. Thinner ceramics were used in the manufacture of sculptures (this trend was popular in the era of the Tang dynasty). The word porcelain, having a collective term, does not depend on the color, method of manufacture and the list of ingredients used. According to Chinese centuries-old traditions, there are 2 categories of ceramics: fired at high temperatures and at low.
The main combinations used for the production of porcelain:
· Kaolin (consists of kaolinite clay mineral);
· Stone ceramics (consists of a mixture of micaceous, feldspar stones);